Do you know there are 2 TYPES of Solar Hot Water System?


1. Flat Panel System

  • Copper Pipe Solar Collector
  • Open Loop (Water pass through the solar collector)
  • Harm Your Health
  • SS304 Stainless Steel
  • For Slope Roof Only

2. Evacuated HEAT TUBE System

  • Active Heat Tube Collector
  • Close Loop (Water won’t pass through the solar collector)
  • Healthy Hot Water
  • SS316L Stainless Steel
  • For Flat Roof and Slope Roof

Sunlight Absorbing Efficiency

*Maximum Heating Power when surface perpendicular with Sunlight.

Reflected Sunlight

Peak efficiency only on noon time.

Passive Sunlight Tracking

Peak Efficiency every hour at day time.

Angel of Absorbing

One-Way Angle

Less surface area to absorb sunlight.

360° Absorbing Angle

• Absorbing surface area is bigger than flat panel.

• CPC reflecting sunlight at every angle.

Evacuated Tube VS Flat Panel

What is Evacuated Tube and what is Flat Panel?

Both are solar heating collector, and their job is simple; it sits in the sun, absorbs the heat, and transfers it to where you need it. To do this efficiently, solar heating collectors need to absorb – and retain – a large volume of sunlight every day. Now you know the function of solar heating collector, so lets take a look at the main comparison.

Smart Solar Evacuated Tube System
Flat Panel System
1. Health
Close Loop
  • Water Don’t Pass through Solar Collector
  • Healthy Hot Water
Active Protection
  • Magnesium Rod use as anode rod to maximize anti-rust protection to prolong the lifespan.
Open Loop
  • Water Pass through Solar Collector
  • Copper Corrosion
  • Copper toxicity
No Protection
  • No such feature.
2. Longevity
316L Marine Grade Stainless Steel

Marine Grade Stainless Steel that have high resistance and protection in corrosion.

Leaking Protection

No Pipe Fitting connect the tank and the evacuated tube. Therefore, the chance of water leakage is virtually zero.

304 Normal Stainless Steel

Normal Grade Stainless Steel

Possible Leaking Issue

There are Copper Compression Fitting connect the pipe between flat plat and tank. Thermal expansion and contraction at outdoor environment will cause leak issue.

3. Efficiency
High Heat Retain

High Heat Retain, the vacuum state between inner and outer layer glass create ``Thermos Effect``.

Most Efficient System

Water Temperature can reach over 90°C in sunny day, cloudy day can reach 40-50°C. High efficiency 360° CPC sunlight collector booster.

Low Heat Retain

Heat loss due to uninsulated between copper plate and glass in Heat Plate panel.

Old System

Only 50-60°C in sunny day, during cloudy day need electric heater to assist. Less Effective because sunlight only hit Flat Surface.

4. Smart
Smart Heater Control

Auto Switch on Heater when the temperature below set point and auto switch off when the temperature above set point.

Smart Temperature Display

Tank equip with temperature sensor. You can clearly know what is the temperature inside your tank.

Manual Switch

Need manual switch on when there is no hot water. Forgot to close may cost a bomb to your electric bill!

No Such Feature

Don't have sensor.

  • .
  • .

Solar Evacuated Cylinder Gatherers for Hot Water

The evacuated tube gatherer (And so on) comprises of various fixed glass tubes which have a thermally conductive copper pole or line inside taking into consideration much high warm effectiveness and working temperature contrasted with the level plate solar gatherers in any event, during a freezing cold day.

In the past instructional exercise we took a gander at Solar Level Plate Gatherers and saw that they comprise of a darkened metal safeguard plate and water pipes encased inside a fixed coated and protected metal (or wooden) box. Pipes called riser, patched to the safeguard plate convey fluid that is warmed by the sun and in an immediate warming system, water is warmed as it circles through the boards to the capacity tank. In backhanded systems, the sun's energy warms a glycol/water combination that can't freeze and which, thus, warms the water in the tank.

While this sort of solar hot water systems is modest and simple to introduce, the issue with level plate gatherers is that they are "level". This produces one limit to their productivity as they can work at most extreme effectiveness when the sun is straightforwardly above at early afternoon. At different times, the sun's beams are striking the authority at different points skipping off the coating material consequently decreasing their proficiency.

Solar hot water systems that utilization Evacuated Cylinder Authorities as their intensity source conquer this issue in light of the fact that the solar gatherer utilizes individual adjusted tubes which are consistently opposite to the sun's beams for a large portion of the day. This permits a solar hot water system utilizing an evacuated tube gatherer to work at a much high effectiveness and temperature any more period than a customary single level plate authority introduced system.

Additionally, one more benefit of solar evacuated tube innovation is that the weight and rooftop underlying issues brought about by standard level plate systems are wiped out as the solar cylinders are not loaded up with a lot of weighty water.

Evacuated Cylinder Gatherer

rooftop mounted tube gatherer

The Evacuated tube gatherer comprises of various lines of equal straightforward glass tubes associated with a header line and which are utilized instead of the darkened intensity retaining plate we found in the past level plate gatherer.

These glass tubes are round and hollow in shape. In this manner, the point of the daylight is dependably opposite to the intensity retaining tubes which empowers these authorities to perform well in any event, when daylight is low, for example, when it is promptly in the first part of the day or late in the early evening, or when concealed by mists. Evacuated tube gatherers are especially valuable in regions with chilly, shady stormy climates.

So how do solar evacuated tube authorities function?. Evacuated tube gatherers are comprised of a solitary or various columns of equal, straightforward glass tubes upheld on a casing. Every individual cylinder changes in measurement from between 1" (25mm) to 3" (75mm) and between 5′ (1500mm) to 8′ (2400mm) long relying on the maker.

Each cylinder comprises of a thick glass external cylinder and a more slender glass internal cylinder, (called a "twin-glass tube") or a "bottle cup tube" which is covered with an exceptional covering that retains solar energy however restrains heat misfortune. The cylinders are made of borosilicate or soft drink lime glass, which is solid, impervious to high temperatures and has a high conveyance for solar illumination.

Dissimilar to level board authorities, evacuated tube gatherers don't warm the water straightforwardly inside the cylinders. All things being equal, air is taken out or evacuated from the space between the two cylinders, shaping a vacuum (thus the name evacuated tubes).

This vacuum goes about as a separator diminishing any intensity misfortune fundamentally to the encompassing air either through convection or radiation making the authority significantly more proficient than the interior protecting that level plate gatherers bring to the table. With the help of this vacuum, evacuated tube gatherers for the most part produce higher liquid temperatures than they're level plate partners so may turn out to be exceptionally hot in summer.

Inside the each glass tube, a level or bended aluminum or copper balance is joined to a metal intensity pipe going through the inward cylinder. The blade is covered with a specific covering that moves intensity to the liquid that is circling through the line. This fixed copper heat pipe moves the solar intensity by means of convection of its inside heat move liquid to a "hot bulb" that by implication warms a copper complex inside the header tank.

These copper pipes are completely associated with a typical complex which is then associated with a capacity tank, in this way warming the hot water during the day. The hot water can then be utilized around evening time or the following day because of the protecting properties of the tank.

The protection properties of the vacuum are great to the point that while the internal cylinder might be pretty much as high as 150oC, the external cylinder is cooler to contact. This implies that evacuated tube water radiators can perform well and can warm water to genuinely high temperatures even in chilly climate when level plate authorities perform inadequately because of intensity misfortune.

Nonetheless, the drawback of utilizing evacuated tubes is that the board can be much more costly contrasted with standard level plate authorities or solar cluster gatherers. Evacuated tube solar gatherers are appropriate to business and modern hot water warming applications and can be a powerful option in contrast to level plate authorities for homegrown space warming, particularly in regions where it is in many cases shady.

Evacuated tube gatherers are generally more present day and more effective contrasted with the standard level plate authorities as they can remove the intensity out of the air on a sticky, dull cloudy days and don't require direct daylight to work. Because of the vacuum inside the glass tube, the all out proficiency in all areas is higher and there is a superior exhibition in any event, when the sun isn't at an ideal point.

For these kinds of solar hot water panels, the design of the vacuum tube is what's truly significant. There are at least a couple vacuum tube designs, single wall tube, twofold wall tube, direct stream or intensity pipe, and these distinctions can decide how the liquid is circled around the solar hot water panel.

Heat Line Evacuated Cylinder Authorities

In heat pipe evacuated tube gatherers, a fixed intensity pipe, typically made of copper to build the gatherers effectiveness in chilly temperatures, is connected to an intensity retaining reflector plate inside the vacuum fixed tube. The empty copper heat exchanger plan inside the cylinder is evacuated of air yet contains a little amount of a low strain liquor/water fluid in addition to a few extra added substances to forestall erosion or oxidation.

This vacuum empowers the fluid to vapourise at very lower temperatures than it would typically at barometrical tension. At the point when daylight as solar radiation raises a ruckus around town of the safeguard plate inside the cylinder, the fluid in the intensity pipe rapidly transforms into a hot fume type gas because of presence of the vacuum. As this gas fume is currently lighter, it ascends to the top piece of the line warming it up to an extremely high temperature.

The top piece of the intensity pipe, and in this manner the evacuated tube is associated with a copper heat exchanger called the "complex". At the point when the hot fumes still inside the fixed intensity tube enters the complex, the intensity energy of the fume is moved to the water or glycol liquid coursing through the associating complex. As the hot fume looses energy and cools, it consolidates back from a gas to a fluid streaming down the intensity line to be warmed.

The intensity pipe and thusly the evacuated tube gatherers should be mounted so as to have a base slant point (around 30o) for the inner fluid of the intensity line to restore down to the hot safeguard plate at the lower part of the cylinder. This course of changing over a fluid into a gas and back into a fluid again go on inside the fixed intensity pipe as long as the sun sparkles.

The primary benefit of Intensity Line Evacuated Cylinder Gatherers is that there is a "dry" association between the safeguard plate and the complex making establishment a lot simpler than with direct stream gatherers. Likewise, in the occasion an evacuated tube breaking or breaking and the vacuum getting derailed the singular cylinder can be traded without exhausting or destroying the whole system. This adaptability makes heat pipe evacuated tube solar hot water authorities ideal for shut circle solar plans as the secluded gathering considers simple establishment and capacity to effectively extend by adding however many cylinders as you need.

Direct Stream Evacuated Cylinder Gatherer

Direct stream evacuated tube gatherers otherwise called "U" pipe authorities, are not the same as the past ones in that they have two intensity pipes going through the focal point of the cylinder. One line goes about as the stream pipe while different goes about as the bring pipe back. The two lines are associated together at the lower part of the cylinder with a "U-twist", thus the name.

The intensity retaining intelligent plate behaves like a partitioning strip what isolates the stream and the return pipes through the solar gatherer tubes. The safeguard plate and the intensity move tube are likewise vacuum fixed inside a glass tube giving outstanding protection properties.

The empty intensity pipes and the level or bended reflector plate are made from copper with a particular covering to expand the gatherers in general effectiveness. This specific evacuated tube arrangement is comparable in activity to the level plate authorities, except for the vacuum given by the external cylinder.

Since the intensity move liquid streams into and out of each cylinder, direct stream evacuated tube gatherers are not generally so adaptable as the intensity pipe types. In the event that a cylinder breaks or breaks it can not be quickly supplanted. The system will require depleting as there is a "wet" association between the cylinder and complex.

Numerous solar industry experts accept that immediate stream evacuated tube plans are more energy proficient than heat pipe plans, on the grounds that with direct stream, there isn't an intensity trade between liquids. Likewise, in an all-glass direct stream development the two intensity tubes are set one inside the other so the liquid being warmed passes down the center of the internal cylinder and afterward back up through the external safeguard tube.

Direct stream evacuated cylinders can gather both immediate and diffuse radiation and don't need solar following. Nonetheless, different explanatory box reflector shapes set behind the cylinders are once in a while used to conveniently gather a portion of the solar energy, which may somehow be lost, in this manner giving a modest quantity of solar fixation.

Different Contemplations while utilizing Evacuated Cylinder Authorities

Because of the fixed vacuum inside their plan, evacuated tube authorities can get exceptionally hot, surpassing the limit of water during the hot late spring months. These high temperatures can cause critical issues in a current homegrown solar hot water system, for example, overheating and breaking of the evacuated glass tubes.

To assist with keeping this from occurring in hot summer environments, sidestep valves and huge intensity exchangers are utilized to "dump" the overabundance heat as well as blender valves which blend ordinary (cool) water with the hot water, to guarantee the temperature and strain levels never surpass a preset cutoff.

Likewise, heat pipe gatherers ought to never be presented to coordinate daylight without an intensity move liquid coursing through the intensity exchanger. Doing so will make the unfilled intensity exchanger become incredibly hot and which might break because of the unexpected shock once cool water starts to course through it.

Despite the fact that evacuated tube gatherers are equipped for warming water to +50 degrees Celsius in the colder time of year, the external glass container of an evacuated tube doesn't warm up like a typical level plate solar authorities when being used. This is because of the inborn protection properties of the vacuum inside the cylinder which forestalls the external intensity tube from being cooled by the external encompassing temperature which can well beneath freeze.

In this manner in the colder cold weather months, these sorts of gatherers can not soften away the enormous amount of snow that falls on them at any one time which means cleaning the snow and ice off of the glass tubes day to day can be an issue without breaking them.

Regardless of whether it is extremely blanketed or freezing, enough daylight will break through to keep the cylinders well above freezing despite everything have the option to preheat the water which can then be warmed further by a standard electrical drenching warmer or gas burner diminishing the expenses of warming the water in winter.

Evacuated Cylinder Gatherers are an extremely effective approach to warming quite a bit of your hot water utilize simply utilizing the force of the sun. They can accomplish high very temperatures however are more delicate than different sorts of solar gatherers and are considerably more costly to introduce. They can be utilized in either a functioning open-circle (without heat exchanger) or a functioning shut circle (with heat exchanger) solar hot water system however a siphon is expected to course the intensity move liquid from gatherer to capacity to prevent it from overheating.

In our next instructional exercise about Solar Warming, we will take a gander at one more approach to warming water utilizing a sort of group gatherer referred to usually as a Basic Authority Stockpiling system or ICS, and perceive how they can be utilized to both produce and store the solar hot water.

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Different Solar Hot Water System will have different efficiency. Higher efficiency will produce more hot water.




How can you know the temperature inside your tank? Do you have a Smart Panel that can automatic control the temperature inside tank?



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